Which Numerology is Used in India?

Numerology has a long history in India and is an important part of many religious and cultural practices. There are various numerology systems used, with some unique to Indian culture. In this detailed post, we’ll explore the primary numerology systems used in India.

Vedic Numerology

Vedic numerology, also known as Indian numerology, originated in ancient Vedic texts of India. It’s considered the traditional numerology system of India and remains widely used today.

History of Vedic Numerology

The Vedas are the oldest Hindu scriptures, written between 1500-500 BCE during the Vedic period. They contain mentions of numerological concepts, establishing numerology as part of ancient Indian traditions.

Vedic numerology is based on the Vedic alphabet of Sanskrit, which assigns numeric values to letters. This system was expanded on over time and codified in the early 20th century by Indian scholar Dr. Bhavaraju Radhakrishna Rao. He published definitive books on Vedic numerology that cemented it as the primary Indian numerology system.

How Vedic Numerology Works

In Vedic numerology, each letter of the Sanskrit alphabet is assigned a numeric value. The letters in a person’s name are converted to their numeric values and summed to find the person’s primary number. This number reveals character traits and destiny predictions for the person.

The numbers 1-9 are considered the core numbers in Vedic numerology, with certain attributes defined for each one:

  • 1: Independence, ambition, and initiation
  • 2: Cooperation, sensitivity, and service
  • 3: Optimism, creativity, and friendliness
  • 4: Systemization, hard work, and dependability
  • 5: Adventure, versatility, and progressive thinking
  • 6: Nurturing, empathy, and balance
  • 7: Spirituality, inner wisdom, and intuition
  • 8: Authority, wealth, and ambition
  • 9: Humanitarian pursuits, generosity, and completion

Based on a person’s primary number and the numerological meanings of their name numbers, predictions can be made about their life path, purpose, and challenges. Core areas of life like career, relationships, and health are analyzed through the Vedic numerology frame.

Master numbers are also an important part of Vedic numerology. The numbers 11, 22, and 33 are considered master numbers with amplified attributes and power associated with them. For example, 11 enhances intuitive abilities while 22 bestows organizational skills and leadership ability.

Vedic Numerology’s Influence in India

Vedic numerology retains an important place in Indian culture today. It’s often used in major life events and decisions:

  • Selecting favorable dates for weddings, events, moving, or starting new ventures based on numerological calculations
  • Choosing auspicious names for babies that will bring good fortune
  • Assessing relationship compatibility between couples based on their numeric alignments
  • Deciding on changes like career shifts, investments, or relocation using guidance from numbers
  • Providing insights on life direction, purpose, and personal growth potentials

This long-established numerology system provides guidance for many facets of life and its principles deeply influence the Indian cultural psyche.

Pythagorean Numerology

Pythagorean numerology stems from the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, who founded the system between 570-495 BCE. It spread through ancient Greek and Roman culture before reaching India. Here it fused with local traditions to gain popularity.

History of Pythagorean Numerology in India

Pythagoras studied philosophy and metaphysics extensively and discovered basic numerological principles bearing his name today. As interactions between Greece, Egypt, and India increased, trade routes transmitted Pythagorean teachings to India.

Elements of Pythagorean numerology blended with existing Indian mystical traditions. The syncretic result was an Indianized Pythagorean system that remains widely used alongside Vedic numerology.

How Pythagorean Numerology Works

Pythagorean numerology is based on finding three key numbers:

Life Path Number: The sum total of all digits in a person’s birth date. This governs the overall life journey.

Destiny Number: The sum total of the consonants in a person’s name. This reveals destined talents and carriers.

Soul Number: The sum total of the vowels in a person’s name. This discloses inner personality traits and vision.

Analyzing how these three numbers interact provides a blueprint for the person’s potentials, challenges, and purpose. Master numbers are also used for amplified attributes, just as in Vedic numerology.

Pythagorean Numerology’s Use in India

In India, Pythagorean numerology is widely used alongside the Vedic system, especially for:

  • Selecting names for a newborn child based on favorable Pythagorean calculations
  • Determining the marriage match compatibility between a bride and groom
  • Forecasting when major business ventures or projects will become most fruitful
  • Providing additional insights about personality, fortunate careers, and relationships
  • Choosing dates for special events using Pythagorean methods
  • Guiding major life decisions around pivotal moves, investments, or changes

Together with Vedic numerology, Pythagorean principles profoundly shape astrological services and numerological consultations provided in India. The integrated use of both systems is unique to Indian culture.

Chaldean Numerology

Chaldean numerology originated in ancient Babylon and Mesopotamia between 600-300 BCE. It incorporates mystical elements like astrology and Kabbalah and spread to India over centuries of cultural contact.

History of Chaldean Numerology in India

The Chaldeans were astrologers and diviners in Babylon who developed a numerological system drawn from astronomy and spirituality. Through Persian scholars, this knowledge reached India where it merged with Hindu astrology and occult mysticism.

Integrating Chaldean methods expanded the divinatory tools used by Indian astrologers. This helped popularize use of Chaldean numerology, adapted to Indian needs, as part of India’s astrological traditions.

How Chaldean Numerology Works

Chaldean numerology analyzes a person’s name and birth date to reveal character, fortune, and destiny. The unique elements are:

  • Each letter has a numerological value from 1-8, rather than 1-9 like other systems.
  • Numbers assign meanings to soul type, personality, and fate.
  • The vibrational numbers of vowels, consonants, and entire names are calculated.
  • Chaldean charts also analyze the numerological values for each year’s personal digits.

While less widely used on its own than Vedic or Pythagorean systems, Chaldean principles supplement and add nuance to Indian numerological readings.

Chaldean Numerology’s Influence in India

In Indian astrology, Chaldean insights are used for:

  • Providing additional name, birthdate, and personality analysis.
  • Identifying karmic numbers and soul patterns over lifetimes.
  • Forecasting events and luck cycles in coming years.
  • Determining compatibility between partners or groups.
  • Designing remedial measures for negative vibrational influences.
  • Tailoring rituals, yantras, mantras, and gemstones for clients based on their numbers.

The minority usage of pure Chaldean numerology makes its imprint on Indian culture lighter than Vedic and Pythagorean systems. Yet it still holds an influential place, especially within astrological domains.


Numerology has profoundly shaped India’s cultural landscape for over a millennium. Vedic, Pythagorean, and Chaldean systems synergized and acculturated into Indian society, maintaining prominence today.

Key roles numerology plays include determining auspicious timing, advising major life decisions, guiding names and matchmaking, unveiling destiny and character, and empowering self-knowledge. Its principles are applied in the arts, business, matchmaking, branding, architecture, and more.

Moving forward, numerology will continue thriving as an integral part of India’s philosophical, spiritual, and divinatory traditions. Its long-standing use affirms India’s cultural identity and enriches the lives of many.


Das, Manjulika. Numerology: The Magic of Numbers. Abhinav Publications, 2000.

Gonda, Jan. Vedic Literature: Saṃhitās and Brāhmaṇas. Vol. 1, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1975.

Khurrana, Pavitra, and H. K. Karanjia. Numerology for Beginners. Vision Books, 2010.

Kumar, Gopal. Epochs in Indian History. Har-Anand Publications, 2007.

Rao, B. V. Raman. How to Study Divisional Charts. Raman Publications, 1992.

Uban, Su Jok. Pythagorean Numerology. Ba Lu Bookstore, 2006.

Leave a comment