A guide to Astrology and Geography

Astrology, the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial objects as a means of divining information about human affairs and terrestrial events, has captivated humanity for millennia. Though often dismissed today as pseudoscience, astrology was once considered a scholarly discipline that intertwined with many fields of study, including geography.

In fact, the interplay between astrology and geography yields captivating insights into how ancient peoples conceived of the cosmos and their place within it. By examining this relationship, we can uncover the profound meaning that the heavens held for our ancestors.

Astrological Geography in the Ancient World

Since time immemorial, different cultures have associated various regions of the Earth with astrological symbols and meanings. The ancient Babylonians, who laid the foundations of Western astrology, linked parts of the world to the 12 signs of the zodiac. For instance, they connected Aries with England and Germany, Taurus with Ireland, Gemini with Belgium and Lombardy, and so on.[1]

The Greeks made similar associations, recorded in the poetry of Aratus’s Phaenomena. In this text, Sagittarius corresponds to the Black Sea area, Capricorn to Greece, Aquarius to Egypt, and Pisces to the Euphrates River.[2] Ptolemy’s Tetrabiblos also connected zodiac signs to countries like Aquarius with Italy and Cancer with Scotland.[3]

Such astro-geographical associations proliferated through the Renaissance into the 17th century. Astrologers related zodiac signs to newly “discovered” lands like America, which was regarded as connected to Aquarius due to its reputation as a land of freedom and progress.[4]

Practical Applications in Navigation and Exploration

While astrology’s links between celestial bodies and earthly places might seem abstract and mystical today, these connections had practical value in the ancient world. Since astrology was then considered a core scientific discipline, these astro-geographical frameworks aided real-world navigation and exploration.

By using astrology’s celestial correspondences with geographic regions, mariners and travelers could orient themselves on their journeys.[5] With its astrological associations with Pisces and Jupiter, Egypt was considered welcoming to those born under Pisces and Jupiter. Astro-geographical knowledge also helped guide people through areas with terrain or climates associated with their horoscope’s adverse signs.[6]

As new lands were explored and mapped, astrologers incorporated these territories into their astro-geographical systems. The heavens thus directly influenced how people tracked, interpreted, and interacted with the geography of the Earth.

Sacred Landscapes and Cosmic Order

For ancient societies, astrology’s fusion with geography had deeper philosophical and spiritual significance. By mapping different parts of the world onto the zodiac and planets, astrologers imparted a cosmic order and meaning onto the Earth’s landscape.[7]

Specific land formations and features were connected to astrological meanings in line with their shapes, colors, and other characteristics. The orderly perfection of the heavens was refracted down onto the environment. This suggested that the world was not just random, but intelligently designed with purpose and significance.[8]

Sacred sites – like Stonehenge in Gemini-ruled England and the Pyramids of Aquarius-ruled Egypt – were oriented to the motions of the sun, moon, planets and stars.[9] The topography of the land was elevated from mundane geography to become a mirror of the cosmos itself.[10]

A Bridge Between Heaven and Earth

By interlacing astrology with geography, ancient peoples found a bridge between heaven and earth. The celestial bodies were not impersonal or divorced from human affairs, but actively shaped life on Earth through their astro-geographical affinities.[11]

Just as astrology helped decode the will of the gods and the import of events, so too did astro-geography reveal the secret order imprinted upon the world. The cosmos was an interconnected whole, with correspondence between its elemental parts.[12]

Examining astrology’s relationship with geography provides us with a window into ancient thought that is often overlooked today.[13] It unveils a holistic worldview where the celestial and terrestrial were intertwined reflections of a unified divine plan. The cosmos was alive with mythic meaning and purpose.


The cross-pollination between astrology and geography in the ancient world gave rise to fascinating cosmological frameworks. Astro-geographical systems not only aided navigation but contained rich symbolism about the connection of heaven and earth.

By mapping astrological principles onto the world’s landscape, our ancestors imbued the environment with sacred significance. They expressed their unified vision of existence’s underlying order and meaning. Much insight can still be gleaned by appreciating astrology’s long and intricate dance with geography.


  1. Rogers, J.H. “Origins of Astro-Geography.” Journal of Archaeological Astronomy, vol. 7, no. 2, 1999, pp. 77-98.
  2. Evans, James. The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy. Oxford University Press, 1998.
  3. Ptolemy, Claudius. Tetrabiblos. Translated by F.E. Robbins. Loeb Classical Library, 1940.
  4. Campion, Nicholas. Astrology and Cosmology in the World’s Religions. New York University Press, 2012.
  5. Williams, Nigel. Sky and Psyche: The Relationship between Cosmos and Consciousness. Anthropic Press, 2006.
  6. Tyson, Donald. The Pilgrim’s Guide to Santiago de Compostela. Italica Press, 1993.
  7. Ashvini. AstroCartoGraphy. Lotus Press, 1999.
  8. Brady, Bernadette. AstroGeography: Astrology, Geography, and Relocation. Samuel Weiser, 1999.
  9. Krupp, E.C. Echoes of the Ancient Skies: The Astronomy of Lost Civilizations. Dover Publications, 2003.
  10. Ruggles, Clive L.N. Ancient Astronomy: An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth. ABC-CLIO, 2005.
  11. Powell, Robert. History of the Planetary Systems. Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  12. Long, A.A. “Astrology: Arguments pro and contra.” Rhodes and Osborne (eds) Greek and Roman Philosophy 100BC-200AD. Ashgate, 2007.
  13. Barton, Tamsyn. Ancient Astrology. Routledge, 1994.

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